Secession – European art style in the last decades of the nineteenth century and the first of the twentieth century, considered in the framework of modernism. The essence of secession was to strive for the unity of the stylish art by combining its activities in various areas, particularly arts and crafts, interior design, sculpture and graphics. The characteristic features are the Art Nouveau style: smooth, wavy lines, abstract, or vegetable ornamentation, inspired by Japanese art, free systems of composition, asymmetry, and linearism płaszczyznowość and subtle pastel colors.
In France, this style is called Art Nouveau, or Jugendstil in Germany Sezessionsstil, in Italy Stile Liberty Stile floreal or.
As an immediate time of the secession is considered the 80th year for the beginning – the 90th year XIX. Read the rest of this entry »
Modernism, modern art, modern art called – the contractual period in the history of art, whose timing is determined from the ’60s Nineteenth century (in conjunction with Impressionism) to the 70s Twentieth century (conceptual). Modern art is strongly linked with the concept of modernism in philosophy and avant-garde phenomenon. The term modern art, as crystallized in the form used as the first Joris-Karl Huysman in 1883.
The concept of modern art is associated with new ideas and works of art, that return towards the deepening of reflection on language, art, artistic experiment, application of new techniques and materials, the belief in the depth of culture and technology, and above all with the idea of progress (linear development of art and history). Read the rest of this entry »
Art – field of human activity, practiced by artists. There is a coherent, generally accepted definition of art, because its borders are redefined on a continuous basis, at any time, you may receive a work which, arbitrarily adopted, closed the definition does not fit. Art meets a variety of functions, including aesthetic, social, educational, therapeutic, but they are not its essence. Read the rest of this entry »
Cathedral of St Peter and St Mary in Cologne (German: Kölner Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Peter und Maria) – the Metropolitan Cathedral, the largest and most important church of Cologne. The seat of the Archbishopric of Cologne existing here since 313 years.
Construction of the present church began in 1248 and continued intermittently for over 600 years to 1880. Located on-site Roman temple from the fourth century and the early church from the time of the Carolingian Rhine River near Cologne Cathedral is 144 meters long and 86 m in width and height of towers of 157.38 m  After graduating from the towers (around 1870) the Cathedral was the tallest building in the world to 1884. It is the second most amount of neo-Gothic building in the world (after the cathedral in Ulm) and the third largest neo-Gothic cathedral the world in terms of area (after the cathedral of Santa Maria, in Seville and the Cathedral of St. Nativity. Maria in Milan).
Read the rest of this entry »
Futurism (Latin futurus – future) – Avant-direction in culture (especially literature), who was born in Italy in the early twentieth century. The idea of futurism was „looking into the future”, rejecting the past and tradition. Futurism in his manifesto proposed the spontaneous annihilation of the academy, libraries and museums, guilty in his view, the maintenance and perpetuation of an outdated culture and the infirm, and therefore harmful and dangerous. Futurists took possession of the full realm of aesthetics. They believed in the prophetic role of the artist, whom they considered the true spiritual guide and demiurge of a new społeczeństwa.Koniec the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth time that the technological revolution – the rapid development of industry and transport. Read the rest of this entry »
Louvre Museum (fr. Louvre, the Musée du Louvre) – a former royal palace in Paris, now a museum of art. One of the largest museums in the world, the most visited facility of this kind in the world. Is one of the major landmarks of Paris, is located on the right bank, within the First Quarter. The complex of buildings with a total area of 60.600 square meters are collections numbering about 35,000 works of art from the earliest times to the half of the nineteenth century, the works of world heritage with the most renown such as the stele with the Code of Hammurabi, the Nike of Samothrace, the Mona Lisa painted by Leonardo. Read the rest of this entry »
A few days ago, suddenly and almost unnoticed, came to an end one of the greatest love story of modern art. At the age of 74 years died in New York, Jeanne-Claude. Better known as the wife of the famous Cristo.
Born exactly on the same day, and met in 1958 in Paris. He had only to paint a portrait of her mother. She, with a good French family. He is a Bulgarian refugee. She happily engaged. He in love with her half-sister. A month before his wedding, there had been pregnant with him, and brought upon themselves the wrath of relatives. Read the rest of this entry »